Julius Caesar Act III, Scene 1

1. Antony- “I doubt not of your wisdom…” [8]

Words from the text
Literal Meaning
Figurative meaning

Gentlemen all…alas what shall I say!

Direct address

Antony is addressing the conspirators as a group and expressing that he is at a loss for words

Ironic that he calls Caesar’s murders gentleman as they stab him behind his back.

The audience is repelled by the conspirators’ brutality. Also later reveals the contrast in Antony’s words and his true feelings

O world thou wast the forest to this hart.

(could also be an analogy or an apostrophe)

Caesar is compared to a deer (hart)

Hart has the connotation of a gentle animal who is vulnerable. The forest (world) was meant to protect Caesar.

Antony laments the loss of his dear friend
Audience feels pity at the sight of noble bloodshed

My credit now stands on such slippery grounds


I am in a dilemma

1) Slippery with blood.
2) Morally slippery as he will have to side with the conspirators which implies betraying his lord.

Antony establishes himself as a true friend- even though he seems to side with the conspirators his speech at the end of the scene show his loyalties. Shows he’s a shrewd strategist, fools the conspirators into believing he is on their side.

Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds….with thine enemies.


It would suit a friend better to weep copiously..

Antony poses his problem- should he side with conspirators and betray his friend. Also he is subtly inducing a sense of guilt in the conspirators.

Loyalty to Caesar. The audience feels his loss.
2. Antony: “O pardon me thy bleeding piece of earth….” [8]
Words from the text
Literal Meaning
Figurative meaning

O pardon me thou bleeding piece of earth


Caesar is still bleeding profusely from his multiple wounds

There is nothing left of the mighty Caesar; he is part of the earth

Pity in the audience as Caesar was a formidable ruler. Pity for Antony as he has lost a dear friend.

Which like dumb mouths..


Caesar’s wounds are like lips that can’t speak

Caesar’s might has been silenced forever by his brutal death. ‘Ruby’ suggests royal precious blood.

Pity for the fall of a great ruler. Can sense Antony anger and frustration that Caesar was defenseless

Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood


Curse on those who killed this noble man..

Hand is representative of the men who collectively assassinated Caesar. ‘Costly’ suggests precious blood. The conspirators will have to pay the price for their betrayal.

Antony starts taking charge- rises as a powerful character. Shows his steadfast loyalty to Caesar.

Caesar’s spirit…with Ate by his side


The goddess of mischief will reign supreme in Rome in the days to come.

Antony swears to avenge Caesar’s death in the most brutal manner possible. His words preempt the civil strife.

Fear in the minds of the audience- at the thought of bloodshed and mayhem.

3. What do you conclude about Antony’s character from the above speeches? [4]
a) Foil to Caesar as he is a shrewd strategist unlike Caesar’s rash action
b) Foil to the conspirators as we see his loyalty to Caesar
c) Vengeful nature
d) Powerful orator