Summary Writing Process
1. Skim reading: Read passage for main ideas of time, place, genre and topic

2. Scan reading:
  • Reading summary question
  • Underline key words in the instruction,
  • Return to passage and highlight (possibly in two colours for two different aspects) the relevant material. Identify and highlight only the key word or phrase.
Tip: Examples, repetitions, direct speech, figurative language and minor details should be excluded.)

3. Transfer to plan
  • Transfer the highlighted material to a list,
  • Change the words and phrases into own words at the same time. (synonyms). Some technical words cannot be changed and individual words from the passage can be used, but long phrases should not be lifted.
  • All the relevant points should be used.
  • There should be at least 15 points (One mark per point)

4. Structure plan
The points in the plan should be grouped and reordered to make a logical structure, using brackets and arrows.

5. Writing the summary
The summary should be written carefully, in complex sentences (avoiding and), and using the same tense as the question. Check afterwards for errors, lack of clarity and concision, and repetition, all of which affect the writing mark. It must not be longer than one page for a double summary, half a page for a single one.

DOs and DON'Ts

  • First sentence of the summary should have the first point/points. NO INTRODUCTION
  • There is no need for a conclusion, either
  • No opinions needed
  • Exclude figurative language
  • Use your own words
  • Points should be selected from throughout the passage
  • Points should be relevant to the questions